Water War Hotting Up: Punjab defies Supreme Court, passes resolution against SYL Canal construction
- pt team
Water War Hotting Up: Punjab defies Supreme Court, passes resolution against SYL Canal construction

The Punjab Assembly on Friday unanimously passed a resolution moved by Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal on the disputed issue of Sutlej-Yamuna Link (SYL) Canal, stating that it would not be allowed to be constructed at any cost since it is not in the interest of the state.
"The House has passed a resolution unanimously that circumstances be what they are, that the SYL canal cannot be allowed to be built in defiance of the rights of the state over its river waters. Since the case is before the Supreme Court (Challenging government of India’s power to distribute water between the states), it must be decided before the canal can even be talked about," Badal's advisor Harcharan Bains told Punjab Today.
In a setback to Punjab, the apex court had on Thursday directed maintenance of status quo on land meant for canal after Haryana alleged that attempts have been made to alter its use by levelling it.
A constitution bench headed by Justice Anil R Dave had said: "Prima facie, it appears that an effort has been made to see that the execution of a decree of this court is being made inexecutable and this court cannot be a silent spectator of the said fact and therefore, we direct that status quo shall be maintained by the parties...
Appointing the court's receivers, as prayed for by Haryana, the court said that the status quo is maintained in respect of "lands, works, property and portions of the SYL canal and all lands within the alignment of the SYL canal within the territories of the state of Punjab" which are covered by its 2002 and 2004 judgments.
The court order would affect the transfer of 3,928 acres of land along the 122-km stretch of the SYL canal in Punjab to the farmers from whom it was acquired for the construction of the water channel for transporting 3.5 million acre feet of water to Haryana.
According to India Today, the SC bench, which also has Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghose, Justice Shiva Kirti Singh, Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel and Justice Amitava Roy, gave the order on an application by Haryana seeking appointment of the central government as the court receiver of the land, works, property and portion of the SYL canal in Punjab.
Haryana had also sought to restrain Punjab from publishing the Punjab Sutlej-Yamuna Link Canal (Rehabilitation and Re-vesting of Proprietary Rights) Bill in the official gazette. The bill was passed by the Punjab Assembly on March 14.
The constitution bench is holding a hearing on the presidential reference seeking apex court's advisory opinion on the 2004 law passed by Punjab during the rule of Congress government led by Amarinder Singh, terminating all water-sharing agreements with neighbouring Haryana and other states.
Describing all the arguments advanced by Haryana as "rhetorical exuberance", senior counsel Rajeev Dhavan, appearing for Punjab, told the bench that every agreement was reviewable after a lapse of 25 years on the grounds of change in conditions.
He said that Haryana's share in SYL water was based on 1920 data and the situation had radically changed now. "Conditions have changed completely," he said.
Referring to Haryana's application, Dhavan said what it was actually seeking was the invalidation of Punjab's law of 2004 that terminated all river water-sharing agreements and seeking notification of Justice Eradi water tribunal's order which has not been notified so far as a legal challenge to it was pending before the apex court.
Senior counsel Ram Jethmalani, also appearing for Punjab, told the constitution bench that it was hearing a presidential reference for its advisory opinion which is always accepted but is not binding.
Referring to the language of Article 143 of the constitution, he said that "(plea for) interim relief (sought by Haryana) can't come up in advisory jurisdiction (of the top court). It will be in the form of advice and not interim order".
The court directed for further hearing in the matter on March 31.


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