OPINION
DELHI RIOTS & POLICE
Delhi Tragedy: Who is to be blamed and how could it have been avoided?
- Markandey Katju
Delhi Tragedy: Who is to be blamed and how could it have been avoided?



The tragic violence in Delhi would never have happened if the Delhi police had acted in the manner the police is meant to act in a democracy, as described in the speech of Sir Robert Mark (quoted herein), that is, in a totally neutral, non political and non partisan manner, regarding only one master above it—the law.

The moment the BJP leader Kapil Mishra gave his incendiary speech in Jafrabad the police should have told him in no uncertain terms that if he or his followers broke the law they will be arrested and chargesheeted for inciting violence. Instead, throughout the mayhem and fracas in Delhi the police remained mute, indifferent bystanders, turning a Nelson’s eyes at the rampaging goons, somewhat like the German police when Nazi strong arm S.A. and S.S. thugs let loose a reign of terror on Jews on Kristallnacht in November 1938.

It is true that civil servants and police officers are subordinate to their political masters. Nevertheless, they are also servants of the law, and must refuse to carry out illegal orders of the politicians. In the Nuremberg Trials after the end of the Second World War, the Nazi war criminals took the defense that they were only carrying out orders of their superior Hitler, but this plea was rejected, and many accused were hanged.

For some time after independence, the Indian bureaucracy and police officers maintained high standards. The political leaders would not ordinarily interfere with their functioning, and the senior officers would boldly and fearlessly object to such interference by their political masters.
 
Sardar Patel, in the Constituent Assembly Debates (vide volume 10, page 51 ), said ”My Secretary can write a note opposed to my views. I have given that freedom to all my Secretaries. I have told them that if they do not give their honest opinion for fear that it will displease their Minister, they had better go. I will bring another Secretary. I am never displeased over a frank expression of opinion".

The eminent jurist Seervai, in his ‘Constitutional Law of India‘ writes:

”If a civil service is to command the confidence of the people it must be a non-political civil service, discharging its duty fearlessly, no matter which political party is in power for the time being".

I remember when my grandfather, late Dr. K.N.Katju, was Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, a complaint was made to him about serious misbehavior by a police officer. Dr Katju was thinking of suspending him, but then the Inspector General of Police (there were no Director Generals then) K.F.Rustamji (perhaps the most outstanding police officer India has known, who was later awarded the Padma Vibhushan), met him and said ”Sir, if you do that, it will have a demoralizing effect on the entire police force. Permit me instead to handle the matter". Dr Katju agreed, and Mr Rustami took appropriate action himself.

Unfortunately, thereafter there was a steady decline from these high standards, and particularly over the past several decades in India many bureaucrats and police officers aligned themselves and became toadies of some political leaders, and would do their illegal/improper bidding, obviously for getting some plum posting and/or other personal benefits. Some even collaborated and also shared in the benefits of corruption by politicians.

The Second Report of the Police Commission (published in 1979) stated ”Interference with the police system by external sources, especially the politicians, encourages the police personnel to believe that their career advancement does not at all depend on the merits of their professional performance, but by currying favor with politicians who count. Politicking and hobnobbing with politicians appear very worthwhile to them, and takes up most of their time to the detriment of performance of their professional jobs. This process sets the system on the downward slope to decay and total ineffectiveness ".

We may contrast this with the position in England.

In his book ‘Comparative Government’ Prof. S. E. Finer writes:

"Two American political scientists (Professors Almond and Verba) made a survey of what they called ‘the civic culture’ in five countries. These were USA, Britain, Germany, Italy and Mexico. Answering the query (in the opinion poll they held) ‘Which aspect of national life do you take most pride in?‘, two and a half percent Italians named their governmental arrangements and only four percent of the Germans.

In Britain, however, 33% named their governmental arrangements. Furthermore, four-fifths of the respondents believed that the civil servants would treat them fairly, and no less than nine-tenth believed that the police would. By international standards, these proportions are very high indeed, and they express what has been asserted: that, on the whole, the British esteem their political arrangements, and have confidence in them".

How police officers should function was best laid down by Sir Robert Mark (in pic), former Chief Commissioner of Police in a speech he gave to policemen in London :

"In the legal and constitutional framework in which society requires us to enforce the law, the most essential weapons in our armor are not firearms, water cannons, tear gas or rubber bullets, but the confidence and support of the people. This confidence and support depend on our personal and collective integrity, and in particular, on our long tradition of constitutional freedom from political interference in our operational role.

It is important for you to understand that the police are not the servants of the government at any level. "We do not act at the behest of a Minister or any political party, not even the party in government. We act on behalf of the people as a whole, and the powers we exercise cannot be restricted or widened by anyone, save Parliament alone".

What a contrast with the situation in India!
 
Justice Markandey Katju is former Judge, Supreme Court of India and former Chairman, Press Council of India. 

 
 
Watch video:



Disclaimer : PunjabToday.in and other platforms of the Punjab Today group strive to include views and opinions from across the entire spectrum, but by no means do we agree with everything we publish. Our efforts and editorial choices consistently underscore our authors' right to the freedom of speech. However, it should be clear to all readers that individual authors are responsible for the information, ideas or opinions in their articles, and very often, these do not reflect the views of PunjabToday.in or other platforms of the group. Punjab Today does not assume any responsibility or liability for the views of authors whose work appears here.

_______________________________________________________________

Most shared Punjab Today articles:

 

KYUN KE HUM HAIN HINDUSTANI

Three Women of 1984

 FROM 1984 TO BARGARI - Hurt & angry, we’ve tried rage, anger. Did we miss karuna?   

REVISITING 1984 – RIOT AROUND A POLE     

KARTARPUR SAHIB: A CLARION CALL FOR PEACE IN AN AGE OF CYNICISM

If it could happen to Arun Shourie, imagine what could they do to you?

Healers & Predators – The Doctor is In, & is very corrupt

Amarinder, Badals, AAP — Every party in Punjab is now an Akali Dal

Welcome to 1947. Happy Independence Day. Would you like to step out?

In Pakistan, a donkey pays for democracy – bleeding, its nostrils ripped apart

WOOING THE PANTH: Amarinder a little less Congressy, Akali Dal a little more saffron

"Captain Amarinder Singh ji” and "Rahul”: Reading Sign Language In A Relationship

The Comrade In Punjab - Lost, Irrelevant, Asleep, Even Bored!

WATERS ROYALTY - The Loot that Rajasthan Committed

AMARINDER GOVT's LOVE FOR FARMERS, AND MY DAD's FOR HIS SCOOTER

OF SUNNY KID & HORSE SENSE: The Punjab-Punjab Ties  

TRUDEAU VISIT AND RIGHT-WING MEDIA MACHINE         

 OF NIRMAL SINGH'S EYES 

Mr. CHIEF MINISTER, PLEASE CALL OFF JANUARY 7 FUNCTION         

MR PRESIDENT, PLEASE TAKE BACK HIS GALLANTRY MEDAL       

A SAFFRON JOURNEY VIA CANADA

BAD, BAD WOMAN!

 


 

_______________________________________________________________

Punjab Today believes in serious, engaging, narrative journalism at a time when mainstream media houses seem to have given up on long-form writing and news television has blurred or altogether erased the lines between news and slapstick entertainment. We at Punjab Today believe that readers such as yourself appreciate cerebral journalism, and would like you to hold us against the best international industry standards. Brickbats are welcome even more than bouquets, though an occasional pat on the back is always encouraging. Good journalism can be a lifeline in these uncertain times worldwide. You can support us in myriad ways. To begin with, by spreading word about us and forwarding this reportage. Stay engaged.

— Team PT








Comment by: Dr Craig Parrish

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com



We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

We are in urgent need of a kidney donor for a good amount of 7Cr (Advance money 3.5cr) in India, Interested person kindly Contact us now..
DR Craig Parrish
Call / WhatsApp: +919047292804
Email- craigparrishkidneyfoundation@yahoo.com

reply


Comment by: unknown

Katju sir, very good article.I'm neither against Hindu or Muslims here, my question for you is what about the speech given by Waris Pathan and Owaisi. You only talk about the speech given by Kapil Mishra.

reply


Comment

your name*

email address*

comments*
You may use these HTML tags:<p> <u> <i> <b> <strong> <del> <code> <hr> <em> <ul> <li> <ol> <span> <div>

verification code*
 







MOST VISITED
YOU MAY LIKE

TOPIC CLOUD

TAGS CLOUD

ARCHIVE



Copyright © 2016-2017







NEWS LETTER